Table of Contents for Programming Languages: a survey


Included because listed on:

and b/c it's an official Debian port

"As of 2008, Itanium was the fourth-most deployed microprocessor architecture for enterprise-class systems, behind x86-64, Power Architecture, and SPARC." --

"Both SPARC and MIPS share another horrid feature - delayed branches. These create a dependency between instructions, in which the branch takes effect after the next instruction, rather than immediately. When using assembly code, you have to know which instructions have a delayed effect, and what rules apply to the instruction (or, sometimes, instructions) in the "delay slot" following it. The delay slot is restricted in various ways: for instance, you can't put another delayed branch there....SPARC also has a crazy feature all of its own, the "rotating register file", which makes code incredibly hard to understand because it's very hard to follow the movement of data across function calls. On SPARC, the registers are not numbered r0 to r31, they're assigned other names like o1 and g1, and some are remapped at call/return. This legacy feature makes some big assumptions about the typical number of registers that need to be preserved across a call, and forces the programmer to remember which registers get remapped and how they are remapped. " [1]

"On PowerPC?, as on SPARC and MIPS, the mechanism for storing 32-bit immediates can only encode a 32-bit value by splitting it across two instructions: a "load high" followed by an "add". This is a pain. Sometimes the two instructions containing the value are some distance apart. Often you have to decode the address by hand, because the disassembler can't automatically recognise that it is an address. " [2]