1. Introduction

Concord is a procedure for a group to make decisions.

This document provides the formal rules for Concord.


  1. Getting started

Upon deciding to adopt Concord, a pre-election is held for a Temporary Secretary, who then organizes the first Election. This section describes the pre-election procedure, and the next section describes the Election procedure.

The pre-election may be held in person via raised hands, or via written secret ballot.

Any person may nominate themselves or anyone else for Temporary Secretary. When no more nominations seem to be coming in, a last call is made for nominations.

Each voter may then vote for as many candidates as they wish to. The votes are counted and the candidate with the most votes is the Temporary Secretary.

Immediately upon being elected, the Temporary Secretary begins to organize the first full Election. If the Temporary Secretary becomes incapacitated or resigns, or if for any reason an election is not held within three months, their term ends and another pre-election is held to replace them.

  1. ##### Getting Started Notes

Adopting Concord:


Temporary Secretary:


  1. Elections

An electoral Cycle lasts one year. An election is held when one Cycle has elapsed since the previous election, or sooner if an Early Election is called for. Elections are via written secret Ballot.

  1. ##### Elections notes:
    1. Election Ballot

The ballot questions are:

and in addition any other questions put on via the Referendum procedures.

  1. ##### Election Ballot notes:
    1. Election of Chairs

3 Chairs are selected by Triscore Voting.

  1. ##### Election of Chairs notes:
    1. Election of Boardmembers

The Board consists of 7 seats.

One of the 7 seats is selected by randomly drawing a ballot for Random Board Seat.

The other 6 seats are divided into two sets of 3, called 'classes'. One of these two classes (3 seats) is filled in each Election; and these Boardmembers serve for a term of two Elections.

In order to elect these 3 seats, we go through a process of iterative delegation.

The initial vote threshold is the lesser of and 30 votes and 1% of the total voting strength.

The number of votes received by each Registered Interest Group is called the Original Voting Strength of that Registered Interest Group.

Those Interest Groups who received a number of votes which was less than the initial vote threshold are deregistered, and the votes they received are wasted.

The remaining Registered Interest Groups may delegate their received votes to each other until there are no more than 23 Interest Groups remaining with votes.

An iteration duration is chosen by Median Chair Choice and announced.

Each iteration lasts for the specified duration. At the end of each iteration, the vote threshold is increased by multiplying the previous threshold by 30. If less than 23 Registered Interest Groups exceed the new threshold, the new threshold is reduced to the greatest threshold that would admit 23 Registered Interest Groups. Now, all Registered Interest Groups who have not yet transferred their votes, and who hold less than the new vote threshold, are deregistered, and the votes they received are wasted. This process repeats until there are no more than 23 Registered Interest Groups who still hold votes, at which point these 23 are deemed Boardelectors.

The Registered Interest Groups whose votes were ultimately transferred to a Boardelector are called the Supporters of that Boardelector.

The Boardelectors fill all of the Board seats up for election via Triscore Voting.

  1. ##### Election of Boardmembers notes:

Random Board Seat:


Number of Board seats up for Election:

    1. Recall of Boardelectors and Boardmember

At any time after an Election, a Boardelector may be recalled by a vote of >=2/3 of their Supporters, or by a vote of >=2/3 of all Registered Interest Groups (in each case, weighted by Original Voting Strength in the previous Election). A recalled Boardelector is immediately replaced by their Supporters via Triscore Voting.

At any time after an Election, a Boardmember may be recalled by a vote of >=2/3 of their Supporters, or by a vote of >=2/3 of all Boardelectors (weighted by their voting strength). A recalled Boardmember is immediately replaced by their Supporters via Triscore Voting, except for the Random Board Seat Boardmember, who has no Supporters and who is replaced randomly in the manner of election given above for Random Board Seat.

  1. # Term limits and multiple offices

Unless >=2/3s votes against term-of-office limits and restrictions on one individual holding multiple offices to be in effect, no individual may simultaneously hold more than one office out of Chair, Boardmember, CEO.

Furthermore, no individual may hold one of the offices of Chair, Boardmember if they have previously held it for at a total duration (including noncontinuous service but not counting the gaps in between those terms of service) of least 6 Cycles in the past.

  1. ##### Term limits and multiple offices notes:
    1. todo: how to treat the other ballot questions


  1. Organs
    1. The Board
      1. Board meetings

The goal of the rules for Board meetings is to make good decisions quickly, while giving every sufficiently large minority a chance to have their say even if they are outvoted.

Boardmeetings are called by the Speaker, or by any group of Boardmembers holding in total at least 1/3 of all seats of the Board. Meetings ordinarily must be called with at least 2 weeks notice. A Quorum is said to be present when the holders of a simple majority of all non-vacant Board seats are present. Meetings may not begin without a Quorum.

The Presiding Officer may give a 5-minute speech at the beginning of the meeting.

Boardmembers take turns, in round-robin fashion, setting the topic of discussion. The Boardmember who is setting the topic speaks first to introduce it.

On each topic, each Boardseat and each Chair has the right to speak twice, for up to 5 minutes each time. When it is their turn to speak, any participant may yield some or all of their time to anyone else present, even if they are not a Boardmember or Chair.

In order to block a Resolution of the Forum, a simple majority vote of Boardseats present is required.

In order to become a Resolution, an ordinary proposal originating in the Board requires of vote of >= 60% of those Boardseats present. A proposal which increases the rights of Members or of voting Members, or decreases the powers of the Organization or of officials, or decreases the rules applied to Members or to voting Members, and also does not do anything other than these things, requires only a simple majority vote of those Boardseats present. A proposal to amend these Bylaws originating in the Board requires a vote of >= 2/3s of all Boardseats.

When it is their turn to speak, a Boardmember may instead make a metaproposal; this metaproposal is then voted upon without discussion. When a Boardmember uses their turn to speak to make a metaproposal, they do not use up a speech if their metaproposal succeeds. Like Boardmembers, the Presiding Officer may a metaproposal instead of speaking when it is their turn to speak. The available types of metaproposals, and the vote thresholds needed for them to succeed, are:

Board meetings are presided over by the Speaker (the person presiding is called the Presiding Official).

Members may not disrupt Boardmeetings.

todo the rules about amendments/Alternatives

  1. ##### Board meetings notes:

Calling a meeting:





Urgent business:

Temporarily modifying the rules:


Presiding Official:



  1. Other Procedures and Definitions
    1. Understudies

Any official at any time may designate any voting member to serve as their understudy, may un-designate their understudy, or replace their understudy with another voting member.

When an official becomes incapacitated or unavailable, their understudy may act in their place.

  1. ##### Understudies notes:
    1. Triscore Voting


  1. # Median Chair Choice


  1. ##### Median Chair Choice notes:
    1. Weighted voting

In organizations which use weighted voting, each voter has a weight or 'voting strength' which indicates how many 'votes' they may cast.

Where weighted voting is in effect, voting thresholds (including 'simple majority' and '>=2/3s') are considered to refer to a proportion of the weighted vote, not to a proportion of the count of voters.

  1. # Justice

no ex parte meetings or communication between the judge and the parties or people affiliated with one of the parties

  1. Extensions
    1. Prediction markets The Chairs vet all questions before they may be put to the prediction market, to ensure that it is not the sort of quesion that a small group of people could influence the outcome of. If prediction markets is enabled, then a question may be bet upon only with the unanimous consent of all chairs, and any chair may also veto any previously approved question.