Getting started

An election for a Temporary Secretary is held. Each voter submits a ballot which lists as many people as they wish ('write-ins' are allowed), and for each one, they give a score of either -1, 0 or +1 (candidates that are not listed or not scored on a ballot are effectively given a score of 0). If voters have different voting weight in this organization, those with more weight may cast multiple ballots. The total scores for each person are summed over all ballots and the person with the highest score becomes the Temporary Secretary.

The Temporary Secretary then organizes the first full Election according to the procedures given below.



Score Voting procedure

Each voter submits a ballot which, for each candidate, indicates a score of either -1, 1, or +1 (0 is the default, used if they don't express anything for some candidate).

Each ballot is given an initial "weight" of 1.

Repeat the following P times, where P is the number of winners to be chosen:

1. The weighted scores on the ballots are summed for each candidate, thus obtaining that candidate's total score.

2. The candidate with the highest total score (who has not already won), is declared a winner.

3. When a voter "gets her way" in the sense that a candidate she rated highly wins, her ballot weight is reduced so that she has less influence on later choices of winners. To accomplish that, each ballot is given a new weight = 1/(1+SUM/2), where SUM is the sum of the scores that ballot gives to the winners-so-far.

Board meetings

A Board meeting may be called by either the Speaker or by any three Boardmembers.

The quorum for a Board meeting is TODO.

A meeting begins by the distribution or reading of a draft of previous meeting's minutes by the Secretary or their delegate. The Speaker then asks if any Boardmembers would like to propose corrections to the minutes. If there are any corrections proposed, they are voted upon by simple majority. When there are no more corrections proposed, the previous minutes are adopted (as corrected).

Following that, the first third of time set for each meeting follows an agenda set by the Speaker (which may or may not include discussions and votes). The rest of the meeting is divided into discussions on various topic. The Boardmembers take turns in setting the next topic of discussion; whose turn is next persists across Boardmeetings. The order of turn-taking for setting the next topic is descending order of seniority (time continuously served as a Boardmember), with ties broken by the Speaker. This order is determined at the first Boardmeeting after an election, and henceforth persists across Boardmeetings until the next Election. The person whose turn it is to set a topic proposes a topic and asks for a second; if there is a second, that is the new topic, otherwise they may propose different topics until a second is found.

A discussion begins with remarks by the person who set the topic, and proceeds until no one else wishes to speak who is permitted to under the currently in-effect limits on debate, or until the Boardmembers vote to end discussion by a vote of >=2/3. During a discussion, proposals relating to the topic may be made, seconded, and immediately voted upon; if they secure a vote of >1/3 the proposal becomes a Candidate Alternative. At the end of discussion, if there are multiple Candidate Alternatives, then there is a vote using Score Voting amongst the Candidate Alternatives to select a single Alternative. After this, there is a yes/no vote on whether or not to adopt the winning Alternative.

TODO Speaker can discipline disruptive Boardmembers, unless Overruled.

The Board meeting is moderated by the Speaker but the following procedural actions require a vote of the Boardmembers:

At any time, any Boardmember may interrupt to propose one of previous six actions, at which time every other Boardmember is given a chance to "second" the proposal. If the proposal is seconded, there is an immediate vote. The Speaker may propose those actions also, but may not prevent others from interrupting to propose these things. However, if one member should interrupt discussion to propose the same or substantially similar thing three times during the discussion of one topic in the same meeting, and the vote fails each time, then to prevent repeated interruption, the other members may choose to, by a vote of >=2/3, prevent that member from proposing that sort of action again for the remainder of the meeting.

Chairs and executives may attend Boardmeetings and speak, but only Boardmembers may vote. The Speaker and each Boardmember may invite guests to attend the meetings (the Speaker may expel disruptive guests). Any time they have a chance to speak, a Boardmember may instead yield some or all of their speaking time to another Boardmember or to a guest. If feasible, Boardmeetings should be recorded and made available to all voting members or even to the public, and any Boardmember, or Chair, has the right to do so except when meeting is closed.

If the Speaker believes that there is unanimous sentiment in favor of a proposal or action, then instead of holding a vote they should first ask if there are any objections, and if there are none, the measure is passed by unanimous consent without the need to spend time on a vote.

Dispute resolution

Procedural tribunal

The Procedural Tribunal is made of of 9 Judges, who each serve a term of 3 Cycles. Each Cycle, 3 Judges are selected by the Judicial Selection Committee (JSC). The Procedural Tribunal is the authority on the interpretation of this Constitution.

By a simple majority vote, the PT may:

By a >=2/3 vote, the PT may:

Via a unanimous vote:

The Judicial Selection Committee (JSC)

The Judicial Selection Committee (JSC) has 7 seats; 3 seats chosen by the Boardelectors in the previous cycle, 2 seats chosen by the Judges in the previous cycle, 1 seat chosen by the Chairs in the previous cycle, and 1 seat randomly chosen from the Board nominees in the same manner as the seventh seat on the Board. All of the seats except for the randomly chosen one are chosen at once via multiwinner Score Voting by the relevant group.

The JSC is presided over by the Treasurer (however, the Treasurer does not have a vote on the JSC unless they are also a JSC member).

Once per cycle, the JSC elects a new class of three Judges to the Procedural Tribunal via multiwinner Score Voting; their term will begin at the beginning of the next Cycle.

At the request of the Procedural Tribunal, the JSC appoints the requested number of Panels of 3 Judges (non-Procedural Tribunal) via Proportional Score Voting


Unless otherwise stated, when a voting threshold is given, this is taken to be a proportion of those voting, not a proportion out of all of those present or all of those entitled to vote. "Those voting" does not include abstentions.


From highest to lowest precedence:

In case of conflict between these, the highest precedence wins.